Ray Pairan
Enterprise Architect
& Author

My Technology

Genre: Non-Fiction: Technology
Available Formats: eBook and Paperback
Author: Raymond Pairan


Microservices cannot be simply ‘wired up’ with some basic technical knowledge about what constitutes a Microservice Architecture. There is more to a Microservice Architecture than developing isolated and unique services with a blueprint like set of architectural artifacts. Successfully understanding microservices requires a paradigm shift no less radical than moving from a procedural to an object oriented programming language. Microservice Architecture is not just technical but also a new business philosophy rooted in antifragility, freedom, and flattened power structures.

This book will take you on an expedition to a yet to be fully explored ‘planet’ with a divergent philosophical underpinning that is completely alien to some technologists. Our voyage of discovery will be traveling through a landscape that is unrecognizable. If it were not for the historical map that explains the origins of this empowering technical perspective most would be disoriented at the outset of the voyage.

New conceptualizations are found throughout the book.

For instance, an Enterprise Architect/Thought Leader within an Agile/Open Source horizontally defined organizational power structure will be someone who has the business, marketing, technical, inspirational, entrepreneurial, and innovative abilities to help guide an organization's fused business and technical direction.

That's right, the large lethargic organization will eventually shift from a hierarchical to a horizontal power structure with the resulting outcome being the elimination of many useless layers of bureaucracy and procedures. We are moving from the age of the monolith both technical and business into a world of nimble employee empowered organizations.

Essentially, the new Enterprise Architect or whatever we end up calling this position will be a thought leader for the firm, having the insight across many disciplines to contemplatively drive the company into the 21st Century. In a flattened firm all the previously siloed departments like marketing, finance, leadership, technology, and... are united into cross discipline teams similar to how we utilize Agile in technology. The entire firm is Agilized - not a word yet but maybe it should be.

Traveling to this new land of freedom requires that explorers not take any neat and tidy preconceptions with them - come along without any baggage. This book will challenge how you view technology to the core of your being. When you have finished this journey all that you believe and cherish from a technical standpoint will be cast aside.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Early Years
  • Welcome Back the Change-Agents
  • The Open Source Revolt
  • What Is Inspiring the Evolution of a Microservice Architecture Orientation?
  • Microservice Architecture Is an Extension of “Open Source” Neighborhood Philosophy
  • Essential to the Success of a Microservice Architecture
  • Microservice API Platform Management/Gateway (MAPI-PMG)
  • Antifragile Characteristics of Microservice Architecture
  • Service Mesh
  • Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Is Not a MAPI-PMG
  • How is a Microservice Architecture Different from a Monolith
  • Using Technology Archimetrics to Contrast Microservice Architecture from a Monolith
  • Decomposing a Monolith
  • Deploying a Microservice Architecture on the Cloud
  • Microservice Architecture Security
  • Recommended Books

About the Author

Ray Pairan Jr is currently a Senior Technology Architect for the Infosys FSSTAR Digital Center of Excellence. Over his more than 22 years of technology experience as a Senior Software Engineer and Lead Engineer he has architected many systems including a System-of-Systems Army integrated network for DARPA’s Future Combat Systems. Our modern technology adventure owes its beginnings to some of the early technologies he extensively helped architect and develop.

Early Years

Falling into the profession of what was then called programming my skills and interests were tickled at a very early age by an after school class in FORTRAN. Miami Killian Senior High back in the mid-1970s was situated within an upper-middle class neighborhood in what was termed South Dade - geographically the Dade county metropolis dominated by Miami, Florida.
You have to understand that way back when dinosaurs roamed free across unfenced villages programming was considered a far-out fringe occupation that engaged super-brainy types who worked for IBM and a few other very large computer companies. Sometimes the U.S. military through its network of military contractors like Lockheed would also grab those who had the requisite knowledge in technology. So for a high-school to setup a large room with many large green bar printer terminals linked to the school district’s IBM mainframe just to teach programming to a bunch of math wizards was quite the leap off the deep end....

Welcome Back the Change-Agents

Autocratic organizational structures with their integrated chains of command mimicked in the software processes, tools, and tightly coupled outcomes of synchronized production are diametrically contrary to the dynamic and ubiquitous freedom of expression of the billions of individuals now using the Internet. Our organizational structures are therefore not in sync with a more enlightened freedom and interflow of innovation and expression streaming across the Internet.
In their attempt to stifle intellectual expression, many firms locked down their developers in even more stringent over the top processes ow fully integrated into the tools they were using to design and code applications. There just was no letup by the process hounds fresh on the trail to more fame and fortune. No one even thought to ask the technologists doing the work how this would impact their productivity, innovativeness, and especially the quality of the systems they were supposed to produce like so many widgets popping off a production line....

The Open Source Revolt

Progress is a byproduct of built up historical imperatives. Epochal dynamism that shifts humankind into new modalities is a flood of progressiveness finally allowed free expression and general support. Once the Agile methodology and the associated empowerment of former production oriented workers were let loose there would be no stopping its spread - especially into technology startups hankering for ubiquitous communication pathways and supercharged idea generation.
Production dazed technology workers; the cubicle deadened developers getting a taste of an enlightened business subculture in Agile started dreaming of charting their own destinies with other techies. By expanding the Agile processes throughout an entire organization not centered upon profit - at least not initially - these lovers of technology could experience the thrill of creating something where nothing existed before, they could dare to dream big dreams....

What Is Inspiring the Evolution of a Microservice Architecture Orientation?

Shifts in paradigms never originate from a single event but are the result of multiple changes merged and transformed in environments conducive to their insights. Internal and external cultural ground must be fertile enough to support the monumental reorganizing of how human being’s comprehend their world. We never end up substantially reworking something just because it entails some emotional stimulus. Dramatic changes in all spheres of human endeavor occur because of a need to fix something — a desire to make our lives easier or more rationally ordered.
Similarly, the Microservice Architecture thrust did not happen because someone decided they just wanted to disrupt the proverbial 'apple cart'. On the contrary, microservice architectural insights were the result of the dysfunctionality of corporation hierarchical command structures that had been infused into technology....

Microservice Architecture Is an Extension of “Open Source” Neighborhood Philosophy

Microservice Architecture encompasses not just the technical aspects of designing a resilient, adaptable, secure, and scalable framework but also ensures its successful implementation by infusing it within an organizational structure that embraces the microservice philosophical paradigm. Simply providing an organization with the technical understanding of what comprises a Microservice Architecture and all the base technologies that can be utilized is a recipe for failure....

Essential to the Success of a Microservice Architecture

  • Small sized microservices that do only one thing well
  • HTTP/REST enabled JSON messaging
  • Each microservice is context bounded
  • Design microservices to be capabilities-centric not CRUD (create, read, update, and delete) data conveyances


Microservice API Platform Management/Gateway (MAPI-PMG)

Bona-fide MAPI-PMG orchestration management gateways like Kong and Tyk were built not by control oriented but an “Open Source” flat startup free spirited culture that values cooperation and collaboration. That is why Kong and Tyk do not send their spider webs out to ensnare zombie services, subsystems, and processes to be micromanaged by some complex yet fragile central control core....

Antifragile Characteristics of Microservice Architecture

Having many components or parts, a Microservice Architecture maximizes the antifragility of the entire structure. Microservice Architecture inherently enhances system noise due to the many microservice interactions. This increased noise reduces the fragility of a Microservice Architecture and optimizes its antifragility with environmental stressors that tug and pull at the system in many different ways allowing the system to get stronger....

Service Mesh

Independence of each microservice in a Microservice Architecture is the primary objective needed to maintain flexible continuous change and the ability of this design pattern to easily scale. Objectives are not hard fast rigid constraints, in a world that continually changes and adapts too many stressors and triggers we cannot be absolutely certain that when building a real world system that there will never be the case when two microservices will need to pass messages....

Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Is Not a MAPI-PMG

There seems to be quite a bit of confusion surrounding an MAPI-PMG. Some believe that an Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) like MuleSoft, especially given how this framework has been recently marketed, has now been miraculously transformed into a modern MAPI-PMG microservice orchestration management/gateway. All ESBs, especially MuleSoft are tightly bound distributed monoliths that glue all the components, dumb services, and disparate subsystems of a tightly coupled system to its central control architecture. Just stay away from these beasts like a werewolf when there is a full moon....

How is a Microservice Architecture Different from a Monolith

Centralization, absolute control, and the always increasing size of the Monolith are radically different from the decentralized and totally decoupled Microservice Architecture. Spending most of my early career trying to create crystal palaces, pure monoliths that most of us dinosaur ranchers believed could anticipate every eventuality or stressor that the real world would throw at them, every state, either resting, transition, and that perfect never achieved state, let me say unequivocally that this is a fool’s waste of time. We humans, all our imperfections, in an imperfect, but very stressor adapted untidy world are wholly incapable of creating anything perfect and that is especially true when it comes to maintaining or managing any system state effectively....

Using Technology Archimetrics to Contrast Microservice Architecture from a Monolith

The term that I use for my new analysis of system and technical architecture dynamics is Technical Archimetrics. Prefacing Archimetrics with the word technical is essential because this term is also used in the brick and mortar architectural profession. Not satisfied with simple descriptions of various technical architectural states my intention is to quantify and qualify these changes with intuitive linear diagrams....

Decomposing a Monolith

The entire conceptual origin of a Microservice Architecture design pattern came from the need to logically breakup unwieldy, unmanageable, and inflexible, process constrained, and tightly coupled monoliths. These beasts were infused into overly complex frameworks like Java EE and .NET that also had application servers requiring constant maintenance and technical handholding....

Deploying a Microservice Architecture on the Cloud

Along with the unreality that ESB SOA is somehow a Microservice Architecture another equally disturbing misconception is that a Microservice Architecture is integrally tied to the Cloud. Cloud technologies like AWS, Azure, and a host of others are distinct and separate from a Microservice Architecture. Whether an organization decides to utilize the services of a Cloud for PaaS, IaaS, or SaaS is a mutually exclusive decision distinct from whether to use or not use a Microservice Architecture....

Microservice Architecture Security

Obfuscating the backend microservices in front of a reverse proxy like a Microservice API Platform Management/Gateway (MAPI-PMG) similar to Kong and Tyk goes a long way in securing microservices that prior to the advent of a MAPI-PMG were externally exposed on the web. The Open Banking legislation in Europe and the UK mandates that all banks provide information that can be used by customers and Fintechs (operating as 3rd party aggregators for customers) to enhance the online banking experience....

My Books
The Road to Microservice Architecture
Zalon Kingdom - The Invaders Arrive
Saldora - Early Empire
Silence on the Plains

My Books

Genre: Non-Fiction: Technology

Genre: Sci-Fi

Genre: Short Stories
5-Star Book Review of Silence on the Plains

Genre: Sci-Fi
5-Star Book Review of Zalon Kingdom

More Information on My Books
The Road to Microservice Architecture
Zalon Kingdom - The Invaders Arrive
Saldora - Early Empire
Silence on the Plains


Way back in January of 2008 just when the financial meltdown was taking off I started writing on a blog that I called "Structural Economic Issues". Sometime in 2009 I decided that it would be best to have my own website that I named "Ultra-Liberal Planet" that attracted quite the following until shutting it down in 2012. In 2013 I started the website "Tomorrow We Dance To Freedom". I'm the author of Zalon Kingdom, Saldora, essays, and short stories. Recently, my technical knowledge and literary endeavors coalesced into my new book: The Road to Microservice Architecture.

My full-time day job for the past 22 years has been in technology as a Technology Architect and Software Engineer developing and architecting new systems. More recently, my position with Infosys has been strictly devoted to architecting and researching new technologies as a Senior Technology Architect.

Home for the past few years has been where a technology contract has sent me, my wife, and son. Our farm house in Durant, Iowa has always been our refuge and beckoning tranquility. Landing back in this beautiful setting over looking a procession of endless golden fields is always my first choice - a return to paradise. 

There is nothing more desired by an author than hearing from his readers. Please contact me at...
Durant, Iowa
Author Page on Amazon
Author Page on Goodreads
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My reading suggestions
My Goodreads Page Reading Suggestions
Pale Blue Dot
Pale Blue Dot
Author: Carl Sagan, Ann Druyan
July 2011
The Management Myth - Debunking Modern Business Philosophy
The Management Myth - Debunking Modern Business Philosophy
Author: Matthew Steward
August 2010
It is very important that you read this book because it places our human existance on this tiny insignificant planet in its proper prospective. Future generations will look back on our epoch as the time when the human race finally broke into a radically new frontier--space. In Pale Blue Dot Sagan traces the spellbinding history of our launch into the cosmos and assesses the future that looms before us as we move out into our own solar system and on to distant galaxies beyond. The exploration and eventual settlement of other worlds is neither a fantasy nor luxury, insists Sagan, but rather a necessary condition for the survival of the human race. "A devastating bombardment of managerial thinking and the profession of management consulting…A serious and valuable polemic." ―Wall Street Journal Fresh from Oxford with a degree in philosophy and no particular interest in business, Matthew Stewart might not have seemed a likely candidate to become a consultant. But soon he was telling veteran managers how to run their companies. In narrating his own ill-fated (and often hilarious) odyssey at a top-tier firm, Stewart turns the consultant’s merciless, penetrating eye on the management industry itself. The Management Myth offers an insightful romp through the entire history of thinking about management, a withering critique of pseudoscience in management theory, and a clear explanation of why the MBA usually amounts to so much BS―leading us through the wilderness of American business thought.
Antifragile - Things That Gain from Disorder
Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
November 2012
Secret History: The CIA's Classified Account of Its Operations in Guatemala, 1952-1954
Secret History: The CIA's Classified Account of Its Operations in Guatemala, 1952-1954
Author: Nick Cullather
October 2006
Just as human bones get stronger when subjected to stress and tension, and rumors or riots intensify when someone tries to repress them, many things in life benefit from stress, disorder, volatility, and turmoil. What Taleb has identified and calls “antifragile” is that category of things that not only gain from chaos but need it in order to survive and flourish. In The Black Swan, Taleb showed us that highly improbable and unpredictable events underlie almost everything about our world. In Antifragile, Taleb stands uncertainty on its head, making it desirable, even necessary, and proposes that things be built in an antifragile manner. The antifragile is beyond the resilient or robust. The resilient resists shocks and stays the same; the antifragile gets better and better. Furthermore, the antifragile is immune to prediction errors and protected from adverse events. Why is the city-state better than the nation-state, why is debt bad for you, and why is what we call “efficient” not efficient at all? Why do government responses and social policies protect the strong and hurt the weak? Why should you write your resignation letter before even starting on the job? How did the sinking of the Titanic save lives? The book spans innovation by trial and error, life decisions, politics, urban planning, war, personal finance, economic systems, and medicine. And throughout, in addition to the street wisdom of Fat Tony of Brooklyn, the voices and recipes of ancient wisdom, from Roman, Greek, Semitic, and medieval sources, are loud and clear. The first edition of this book, published in 1999, was well-received, but interest in it has surged in recent years. It chronicles an early example of "regime change" that was based on a flawed interpretation of intelligence and proclaimed a success even as its mistakes were becoming clear. Since 1999, a number of documents relating to the CIA's activities in Guatemala have been declassified, and a truth and reconciliation process has unearthed other reports, speeches, and writings that shed more light on the role of the United States. For this edition, the author has selected and annotated twenty-one documents for a new documentary Appendix, including President Clinton's apology to the people of Guatemala.
Silent Spring
Silent Spring: The Classic that Launched the Environmental Movement
Author: Rachel Carson
June 1962
America's Backyard: The United States and Latin America from the Monroe Doctrine to the War on Terror
America's Backyard: The United States and Latin America from the Monroe Doctrine to the War on Terror
Author: Grace Livingstone
September 2009
Rachel Carson's Silent Spring was first published in three serialized excerpts in the New Yorker in June of 1962. The book appeared in September of that year and the outcry that followed its publication forced the banning of DDT and spurred revolutionary changes in the laws affecting our air, land, and water. Carson's passionate concern for the future of our planet reverberated powerfully throughout the world, and her eloquent book was instrumental in launching the environmental movement. It is without question one of the landmark books of the twentieth century. The United States has shaped Latin American history, condemning it to poverty and inequality by intervening to protect the rich and powerful. America's Backyard tells the story of that intervention. Using newly declassified documents, Grace Livingstone reveals the US role in the darkest periods of Latin American history, including Pinochet's coup in Chile, the Contra War in Nicaragua and the death squads in El Salvador. She shows how George W Bush's administration used the War on Terror as a new pretext for intervention; how it tried to destabilise leftwing governments and push back the 'pink tide' washing across the Americas. America's Backyard also includes chapters on drugs, economy and culture. It explains why US drug policy has caused widespread environmental damage yet failed to reduce the supply of cocaine, and it looks at the US economic stake in Latin America and the strategies of the big corporations.
Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
Author: John Perkins
Long Walk to Freedom
Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela
Author: Nelson Mandela
March 2008
"Economic hit men," John Perkins writes, "are highly paid professionals who cheat countries around the globe out of trillions of dollars. Their tools include fraudulent financial reports, rigged elections, payoffs, extortion, sex, and murder." John Perkins should know - he was an economic hit man. His job was to convince countries that are strategically important to the U.S. - from Indonesia to Panama - to accept enormous loans for infrastructure development, and to make sure that the lucrative projects were contracted to U. S. corporations. Saddled with huge debts, these countries came under the control of the United States government, World Bank and other U.S. - dominated aid agencies that acted like loan sharks-dictating repayment terms and bullying foreign governments into submission. Nelson Mandela is one of the great moral and political leaders of our time: an international hero whose lifelong dedication to the fight against racial oppression in South Africa won him the Nobel Peace Prize and the presidency of his country. Since his triumphant release in 1990 from more than a quarter-century of imprisonment, Mandela has been at the center of the most compelling and inspiring political drama in the world. As president of the African National Congress and head of South Africa's antiapartheid movement, he was instrumental in moving the nation toward multiracial government and majority rule. He is revered everywhere as a vital force in the fight for human rights and racial equality.
Gangster Warlords
Gangster Warlords: Drug Dollars, Killing Fields, and the New Politics of Latin America
Author: Ioan Grillo
February 2016
Darkness at Noon
Darkness at Noon: A Totalitarian Ideology Masquerading as an Instrument of Deliverance
Author: Arthur Koestler
March 1940
In a ranch south of Texas, the man known as The Executioner dumps five hundred body parts in metal barrels. In Brazil's biggest city, a mysterious prisoner orders hit-men to gun down forty-one police officers and prison guards in two days. In southern Mexico, a meth maker is venerated as a saint while enforcing Old Testament justice on his enemies. A new kind of criminal kingpin has arisen: part CEO, part terrorist, and part rock star, unleashing guerrilla attacks, strong-arming governments, and taking over much of the world's trade in narcotics, guns, and humans. What they do affects you now--from the gas in your car, to the gold in your jewelry, to the tens of thousands of Latin Americans calling for refugee status in the U.S. Gangster Warlords is the first definitive account of the crime wars now wracking Central and South America and the Caribbean, regions largely abandoned by the U.S. after the Cold War. Author of the critically acclaimed El Narco, Ioan Grillo has covered Latin America since 2001 and gained access to every level of the cartel chain of command in what he calls the new battlefields of the Americas. Moving between militia-controlled ghettos and the halls of top policy-makers, Grillo provides a disturbing new understanding of a war that has spiraled out of control--one that people across the political spectrum need to confront now. Darkness at Noon (from the German: Sonnenfinsternis) is a novel by the Hungarian-born British novelist Arthur Koestler, first published in 1940. His best-known work tells the tale of Rubashov, a Bolshevik 1917 revolutionary who is cast out, imprisoned and tried for treason by the Soviet government he'd helped create. Darkness at Noon stands as an unequaled fictional portrayal of the nightmare politics of our time. Its hero is an aging revolutionary, imprisoned and psychologically tortured by the Party to which he has dedicated his life. As the pressure to confess preposterous crimes increases, he relives a career that embodies the terrible ironies and human betrayals of a totalitarian movement masking itself as an instrument of deliverance. Almost unbearably vivid in its depiction of one man's solitary agony, it asks questions about ends and means that have relevance not only for the past but for the perilous present. It is - as the Times Literary Supplement has declared - "A remarkable book, a grimly fascinating interpretation of the logic of the Russian Revolution, indeed of all revolutionary dictatorships, and at the same time a tense and subtly intellectualized drama."
Before the Dawn
Before the Dawn: An Autobiography
Author: Gerry Adams
November 2015
Moshe Dayan
Moshe Dayan
Author: Martin van Creveld
February 2004
The autobiography of the man at the heart of Irish Republican politics. Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams offers his own unique, intimate account of the early years of his career, from his childhood in working-class Belfast to the more turbulent years of social activism that followed. An engaging and revealing self-portrait. Born in West Belfast in 1948 into a family with close ties to both the trade union and republican movements, his childhood, despite its material poverty, he has described in glowing and humorous terms. For many years his voice was banned from radio and television by both the British and Irish governments, while commentators and politicians condemned him and all he stood for. But through those years Brandon published a succession of books which made an important contribution to an understanding of the true circumstances of life and politics in the north of Ireland. In his autobiography, Before the Dawn, Gerry Adams brings a unique perspective to the years of conflict, insurrection and bitter struggle which ensued when peaceful political agitation was met with hysterical reaction and the sectarian tinderbox of Britain's last colony erupted. From the pogroms of 1969 to the hunger strikes of 1981, from the streets of West Belfast to the cages of Long Kesh, his powerful memoir is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand modern Ireland. Martin van Creveld, author of the critically acclaimed Men, Women, and War, turns his attention to one of the most significant figures of the 20th century. With his distinctive eye patch, Israeli military commander Moshe Dayan looked every part the fearsome warrior, yet he was far more. This unflinching biography paints a complete portrait of Dayan the military man and statesman. Starting with his early days in the Haganah, a group of underground Jewish fighters, the biography follows Dyan's career as a highly decorated star pilot; as the leader of the Israeli forces during the 1967 Six Day War and the October 1973 war; and as a master diplomat who played an instrumental role in negotiating the historic treaty with Anwar Sadat's Egypt.
American War Machine: Deep Politics, the CIA Global Drug Connection, and the Road to Afghanistan
American War Machine: Deep Politics, the CIA Global Drug Connection, and the Road to Afghanistan
Author: Peter Dale Scott
November 2010
America's Other War: Terrorizing Colombia
America's Other War: Terrorizing Colombia
Author: Doug Stokes
February 2008
This provocative, thoroughly researched book explores the covert aspects of U.S. foreign policy. Prominent political analyst Peter Dale Scott marshals compelling evidence to expose the extensive growth of sanctioned but illicit violence in politics and state affairs, especially when related to America's long-standing involvement with the global drug traffic. Beginning with Thailand in the 1950s, Americans have become inured to the CIA's alliances with drug traffickers (and their bankers) to install and sustain right-wing governments. The pattern has repeated itself in Laos, Vietnam, Italy, Mexico, Thailand, Nigeria, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Panama, Honduras, Turkey, Pakistan, and now Afghanistan - to name only those countries dealt with in this book. Scott shows that the relationship of U.S. intelligence operators and agencies to the global drug traffic, and to other international criminal networks, deserves greater attention in the debate over the U.S. presence in Afghanistan. To date, America's government and policies have done more to foster than to curtail the drug trade. The so-called war on terror, and in particular the war in Afghanistan, constitutes only the latest chapter in this disturbing story. This book maintains that in Colombia the US has long supported a pervasive campaign of state violence directed against both armed insurgents and a wide range of unarmed progressive social forces. While the context may change from one decade to the next, the basic policies remain the same: maintain the pro-US Colombian state, protect US economic interests and preserve strategic access to oil. Colombia is now the third largest recipient of US military aid in the world, and the largest by far in Latin America. Using extensive declassified documents, this book shows that the so-called "war on drugs", and now the new war on terror in Colombia are actually part of a long-term Colombian "war of state terror" that predates the end of the Cold War with US policy contributing directly to the human rights situation in Colombia today.
Dispersing Power: Social Movements as Anti-State Forces
Dispersing Power: Social Movements as Anti-State Forces
Author: Raul Zibechi; Ramor Ryan(trans.)
July 2010
Easter Rising 1916: Birth of the Irish Republic
Easter Rising 1916: Birth of the Irish Republic
Author: Michael McNally; Peter Dennis
March 2007
This, Raul Zibechi's first book translated into English, is an historical analysis of social struggles in Bolivia and the forms of community power instituted by that country's indigenous Aymara. Dispersing Power, like the movements it describes, explores new ways of doing politics beyond the state, gracefully mapping the "how" of revolution, offering valuable lessons to activists and new theoretical frameworks for understanding how social movements can and do operate independently of state-centered models for social change. "Zibechi goes to Bolivia to learn. Like us, he goes with questions, questions that stretch far beyond the borders of Bolivia. How do we change the world and create a different one? How do we get rid of capitalism? How do we create a society based on dignity? What is the role of the state and what are the possibilities of changing society through anti-state movements?... the most important practical and theoretical questions that have risen from the struggles in Latin America and the world in the last fifteen years or so.... The book is beautiful, exciting, stimulating.... Do read it and also give it your friends."John Holloway, from the Foreword When the outbreak of World War I delayed home rule for Ireland, a faction of Irish nationalists decided to take direct action. On Easter Monday 1916, a rebellion was launched from the steps of the Dublin General Post Office and the existence of an Irish Republic proclaimed. The British response was a military one and they drove the rebels back in violent street fighting until they surrendered on 29 April. The leaders of the rising were tried by court martial: 15 of them were summarily executed and a further 3,500 'sympathizers' imprisoned. This book covers this important milestone in Anglo-Irish history in detail, thoroughly examining the politics behind the Easter Rising and the tactics employed to counter it.
Blood and Earth
Blood and Earth - Modern Slavery, Ecocide, and the Secret to Saving the World
Author: Kevin Bales
January 2016
The Big Squeeze - Corporations Squeezing Their Employees Dry
Author: Steven Greenhouse
April 2008
For readers of such crusading works of nonfiction as Katherine Boo's Beyond the Beautiful Forevers and Tracy Kidder's Mountains Beyond Mountains comes a powerful and captivating examination of two entwined global crises: environmental destruction and human trafficking-and an inspiring, bold plan for how we can solve them. A leading expert on modern-day slavery, Kevin Bales has traveled to some of the world's most dangerous places documenting and battling human trafficking. In the course of his reporting, Bales began to notice a pattern emerging: Where slavery existed, so did massive, unchecked environmental destruction. But why? Bales set off to find the answer in a fascinating and moving journey that took him into the lives of modern-day slaves and along a supply chain that leads directly to the cellphones in our pockets. Why, in the world's most affluent nation, are so many corporations squeezing their employees dry? In this fresh, carefully researched book, New York Times reporter Steven Greenhouse explores the economic, political, and social trends that are transforming America's workplaces, including the decline of the social contract that created the world's largest middle class and guaranteed job security and good pensions. We meet all kinds of workers—white-collar and blue-collar, high-tech and low-tech, middle-class and low-income—as we see shocking examples of injustice, including employees who are locked in during a hurricane or fired after suffering debilitating, on-the-job injuries.
Wealth and Democracy
Author: Kevin Phillips
June 2002
So Damn Much Money
Author: Robert G. Kaiser
January 2009
For more than thirty years, Kevin Phillips' insight into American politics and economics has helped to make history as well as record it. His bestselling books, including The Emerging Republican Majority (1969) and The Politics of Rich and Poor (1990), have influenced presidential campaigns and changed the way America sees itself.... With a New Foreword In So Damn Much Money , veteran Washington Post editor and correspondent Robert Kaiser gives a detailed account of how the boom in political lobbying since the 1970s has shaped American politics by empowering special interests, undermining effective legislation, and discouraging the country’s best citizens...
Author: Barry C. Lynn
December 2009
On Globalization
Author: Bruno Amoroso
February 2001
"A manifesto for our times."-Thomas Frank, Wall Street Journal. Barry C. Lynn, one of the most original and surprising students of the American economy, paints a genuinely alarming picture: most of our public debates about globalization, competitiveness, creative destruction, and risky finance are nothing more than a cover... The main attempts to explain the radical and intricate changes reshaping the relationship between the economy and society over the last twenty years have run up against the inadequacy of the traditional analytical tools posited on market streamlining and flexibility. The author guides the reader through the conceptual jungle...
Author: John Bowe
September 2007
Dead Ringers
Author: Shehzad Nadeem
February 2011
Most Americans would be shocked to discover that slavery still exists in the United States. Yet most of us buy goods made by people who aren’t paid for their labor–people who are trapped financially, and often physically. In Nobodies , award-winning journalist John Bowe exposes the outsourcing, corporate chicanery... In the Indian outsourcing industry, employees are expected to be "dead ringers" for the more expensive American workers they have replaced--complete with Westernized names, accents, habits, and lifestyles that are organized around a foreign culture in a distant time zone....
It Could Happen Here
Author: Bruce Judson
October 2009
Bait and Switch
Author: Barbara Ehrenreich
September 2005
The severe economic downturn has been blamed on many things: deregulation, derivatives, greedy borrowers, negligent lenders. But could there be a deeper problem that is so severe, so long-lasting, and so dangerous that it makes these problems look like minor swerves in the road? Could we be facing an existential challenge... The bestselling author of Nickel and Dimed goes back undercover to do for America’s ailing middle class what she did for the working poor Barbara Ehrenreich’s Nickel and Dimed explored the lives of low-wage workers. Now, in Bait and Switch, she enters another hidden realm of the economy: the shadowy world of the white-collar unemployed....
Outsourcing America - The True Cost of Shipping Jobs Overseas
Authors: Ron Hira, Anil Hira
April 2008
Your Call Is Important to Us - The Truth About Bullshit
Author: Laura Penny
July 2005
One of the most controversial topics in the news is the outsourcing of American jobs to other countries. Outsourced jobs have extended well beyond the manufacturing sector to include white-collar professionals, particularly in information technology, financial services, and customer service. Outsourcing America reveals just how much outsourcing is taking place, what its impact has been and will continue to be, and what can be done about the loss of jobs. More than an exposé, Outsourcing America shows how offshoring is part of the historical economic shift toward globalism and free trade, and demonstrates its impact on individual lives and communities. Excerpt: "We live in an era of unprecedented bullshit production. The more polite among you might call it poppycock or balderdash or claptrap, but the concept remains the same, and the same coursing stream of crapulence washes over us all, filling our eyes and ears and thoughts with clichés, euphemisms, evasions, and fabulations. Never in history have so many people uttered statements that they know to be untrue. Presidents, priests, politicians, lawyers, reporters, corporate executives, and countless others have taken to saying not what they actually believe, but what they want others to believe — not what is, but what works."
Other People's Money - The Corporate Mugging of America
Author: Nomi Prins
August 2006
Money for Nothing - How CEOs and Boards Enrich Themselves While Bankrupting America
Authors: John Gillespie, David Zweig
January 2010
Critical, independent voices are seldom found within the citadels of international finance. That’s what makes Nomi Prins unique. During fifteen years as an executive at skyscraping banks like Goldman Sachs, Bear Stearns, and Lehman Brothers, Prins never lost her ability to see the broader picture. She walked away from the game in 2002 out of disgust with the burgeoning corporate corruption, just as its magnitude was becoming clear to the public. A Bank of America director questioned the CEO's $76 million pay package in a year when the bank was laying off 12,600 workers and found herself dropped from the board without notice a few months later. According to their employment agreements -- approved by boards -- 96 percent of large company CEOs have guarantees that do not allow them to be fired "for cause" for unsatisfactory performance, which means they can walk away with huge payouts, and 49 percent cannot be fired even for breaking the law by failing in their fiduciary duties to shareholders.
It Takes a Pillage - Behind the Bailouts, Bonuses, and Backroom Deals from Washington to Wall Street
Author: Nomi Prins
September 2009
Can They Do That? - Retaking Our Fundamental Rights in the Workplace
Author: Lewis Maltby
December 2009
A former Wall Street manager turned muckraking journalist gets inside how the banks looted the Treasury, stole the bailout, and continued with business as usual We all watched as packs of former Big Financiers commandeered posts in Washington and lavished trillions in bailouts to "save" big Wall Street firms that used that money for anything and everything except to fill in Main Street's potholes. We all watched as Wall Street heavyweights fought tooth and nail to declaw financial reform and won. Brilliantly lays out the bitter truth: that the American workplace is a dictatorship where workers have few, if any, rights." -Barbara Ehrenreich, author of Nickel and Dimed An expose of the shocking ways that companies invade employees' privacy and restrict their freedom. An expose of the shocking ways that companies invade employees' privacy and restrict their freedom. Is it legal for your employer to fire you for writing a letter to the editor? Or for putting the "wrong" candidate's bumper sticker on your car? If you answered no, prepare to be shocked. Americans assume that their basic rights, such as privacy and freedom of speech, remain in force when they go to work.
Case for the Living Wage
Author: Jerold Waltman
November 2007
The Road to Sustainability
Authors: F.M. Pulselli, S. Bastinanoni, N. Marchettini, E. Tiezzi
March 2008
This well-documented brief demonstrates that both poverty and excessive economic inequality are inimical to the maintenance of a healthy republic, and notes that providing a living wage is not only fair, but is superior to any other public policy such as cash transfers (or the Earned Income Tax Credit) in the effort to fight poverty.... Comprehensively written - and accompanied with numerous charts, graphs, and case examples - The Road to Sustainability provides a solid introduction and argument for beginning to build a sustainable future. We need to understand sustainability not only in terms of product development or natural resource use, but also...
Exiles in Eden - Life Among the Ruins of Florida's Great Recession
Author: Paul Reyes
August 2010
Revolution, Rebellion, Resistance - The Power of Story
Author: Eric Selbin
January 2010
An on-the-ground, intimate tour of the human toll of the nation's foreclosure crisis. While working with his father's small company that "trashes out"— enters and empties—foreclosed homes in Florida, Paul Reyes wrote Exiles in Eden, a hard-hitting, personal, and poetic portrayal of his own family and the people and communities affected by the foreclosure crisis. Why do revolutions happen? Decades of social science research have brought us little closer to understanding where, when and amongst whom they occur.In this groundbreaking book, Eric Selbin argues that we need to look beyond the economic, political and social structural conditions to the thoughts and feelings of the people who make revolutions. In particular, he argues, we need to understand the stories people relay and rework of past injustices and struggles as they struggle in the present towards a better future.
Fast Boat to China - Corporate Flight and the Consequences of Free Trade; Lessons from Shanghai
Author: Andrew Ross
April 2006
Hostile Takeover - How Big Business Bought Our Government and How We Can Take It Back
Author: David Sirota
April 2006
Most Americans today are aware that jobs are being outsourced to China, India, and other nations at an alarming rate. From factory jobs to white-collar, high-tech positions, the exporting of labor is one of the most controversial issues in America.Yet few people know much about the other end — about the people who are actually working these jobs and how their own lives have been throw into tumult by these new economic forces. Andrew Ross spent a year in China, interviewing local employees and their managers in Taiwan, Shanghai, and the far western provinces. In this engaging and informative book, he shows how the Chinese workforce has inherited many of the same worries as American workers, such as job instability, long hours, and awareness of their own expendability. Do you ever wonder if there’s a connection between the corruption scandals in the news and the steady decline in the quality of life for millions of Americans? Do you ever wonder what corporations get for the millions of dollars they pour into the American political system? Do you ever think the government has been hijacked by forces hostile to average Americans? Do you ever want to fight back? Millions of Americans lack health care and millions more struggle to afford it. Politicians claim they care, then pass legislation that just sends more cash to the HMOs. Wages have been stagnant for thirty years, even as corporate profits skyrocket. Politicians say they want to fix the problem and then pass bills written by lobbyists that drive wages even lower and punish those crushed by debt.
Making Sweatshops - The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry
Author: Ellen Israel Rosen
January 2002
The China Price - The True Cost of Chinese Competitive Advantage
Author: Alexandra Harney
March 2008
The only comprehensive historical analysis of the globalization of the U.S. apparel industry, this book focuses on the reemergence of sweatshops in the United States and the growth of new ones abroad. Ellen Israel Rosen, who has spent more than a decade investigating the problems of America's domestic apparel workers, now probes the shifts in trade policy and global economics that have spawned momentous changes in the international apparel and textile trade. Making Sweatshops asks whether the process of globalization can be promoted in ways that blend industrialization and economic development in both poor and rich countries with concerns for social and economic justice—especially for the women who toil in the industry's low-wage sites around the world. In this landmark work of investigative reporting, former Financial Times correspondent Alexandra Harney uncovers a story of immense significance to us all: how China's factory economy gains a competitive edge by selling out its workers, environment, and future. Harney's firsthand reporting brings us face-to-face with a world in which intense pricing pressure from Western companies combines with ubiquitous corruption and a lack of transparency to exact a staggering toll in human misery and environmental damage. This eye-opening expose offers, for the first time, an intimate look at the defining business story of our time.
The Global Auction - The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes
Authors: Phillip Brown, Hugh Lauder, David Ashtom
October 2010
The Big Ripoff - How Big Business and Big Government Steal Your Money
Author: Timothy P. Carney
October 2006
For decades, the idea that more education will lead to greater individual and national prosperity has been a cornerstone of developed economies. Indeed, it is almost universally believed that college diplomas give Americans and Europeans a competitive advantage in the global knowledge wars.Challenging this conventional wisdom, The Global Auction forces us to reconsider our deeply held and mistaken views about how the global economy really works and how to thrive in it. Drawing on cutting-edge research based on a major international study, the authors show that the competition for good, middle-class jobs is now a worldwide competition--an auction for cut-priced brainpower--fueled by an explosion of higher education across the world. "Exposes the dirty little secret of American politics: how big businesses work with statist politicians to diminish the prosperity and freedom of consumers, taxpayers, and entrepreneurs. Carney employs top-notch writing ability, passion for liberty, and understanding of economics to demolish the myth that big business is a foe of big government. Everyone who seeks to understand who really benefits from big government should read this book, as should anyone who still believes that the interventionist state benefits the average person." - Congressman Ron Paul U.S. House of Representatives, 14th District of Texas
Democracy Incorporated - Managed Democracy and the Specter of Inverted Totalitarianism
Author: Sheldon S. Wolin
January 2009
The Endless Crisis
The Endless Crisis - How Monopoly-Finance Capital Produces Stagnation and Upheaval
Authors: Robert W. McChesney, John Bellamy Foster
September 2012
Democracy is struggling in America--by now this statement is almost cliché. But what if the country is no longer a democracy at all? In Democracy Incorporated, Sheldon Wolin considers the unthinkable: has America unwittingly morphed into a new and strange kind of political hybrid, one where economic and state powers are conjoined and virtually unbridled? Can the nation check its descent into what the author terms "inverted totalitarianism"? Wolin portrays a country where citizens are politically uninterested and submissive--and where elites are eager to keep them that way. At best the nation has become a "managed democracy" where the public is shepherded, not sovereign. At worst it is a place where corporate power no longer answers to state controls. The days of boom and bubble are over, and the time has come to understand the long-term economic reality. Although the Great Recession officially ended in June 2009, hopes for a new phase of rapid economic expansion were quickly dashed. Instead, growth has been slow, unemployment has remained high, wages and benefits have seen little improvement, poverty has increased, and the trend toward more inequality of incomes and wealth has continued.
Democracy at Work - A Cure for Capitalism
Democracy at Work - A Cure for Capitalism
Author: Richard D. Wolff
October 2012
Occupy the Economy - Challenging Capitalism
Occupy the Economy - Challenging Capitalism
Authors: Richard D. Wolff, David Barsamian
May 2012
Capitalism as a system has spawned deepening economic crisis alongside its bought-and-paid-for political establishment. Neither serves the needs of our society. Whether it is secure, well-paid, and meaningful jobs or a sustainable relationship with the natural environment that we depend on, our society is not delivering the results people need and deserve. Richard Wolff, David Barsamian probes the root causes of the current crisis, its unjust social costs, and what can and should be done to turn things around. They reach back to the 1970s when the capitalist system itself shifted, ending the century-old pattern of rising wages for Americans and thereby enabling the top 1% to become ultra-rich at the expense of the 99%. Since then, economic injustice has become chronic and further corrupted politics.
Monopoly Capital
Monopoly Capital
Authors: Paul A. Baran, Paul Sweezy
January 1966
Labor and Monopoly Capital - The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century
Labor and Monopoly Capital - The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century
Author: Harry Braverman
December 1998
This landmark text by Paul Baran and Paul Sweezy is a classic of twentieth-century radical thought, a hugely influential book that continues to shape our understanding of modern capitalism. This widely acclaimed book, first published in 1974, was a classic from its first day in print. Written in a direct, inviting way by Harry Braverman, whose years as an industrial worker gave him rich personal insight into work, Labor and Monopoly Capital overturned the reigning ideologies of academic sociology.
Capitalism Hits the Fan
Capitalism Hits the Fan
Author: Richard D. Wolff
September 2012
The ABCs of the Economic Crisis - What Working People Need to Know
The ABCs of the Economic Crisis - What Working People Need to Know
Authors: Fred Magdoff, Michael D. Yates
September 2009
Capitalism Hits the Fan chronicles one economist’s growing alarm and insights as he watched, from 2005 onwards, the economic crisis build, burst, and then change the world. The argument here differs sharply from most other explanations offered by politicians, media commentators, and other academics. Step by step, Professor Wolff shows that deep economic structuresthe relationship of wages to profits, of workers to boards of directors, and of debts to incomeaccount for the crisis. The great change in the US economy since the 1970s, as employers stopped the historic rise in US workers’ real wages, set in motion the events that eventually broke the world economy. Contrary to conventional wisdom, the authors demonstrate that the financial crisis was not some aberration from a normally benign capitalism but rather the normal and even expected outcome of a thoroughly irrational and destructive system. No amount of tinkering with capitalism, whether it be discredited neoliberalism or the return of Keynesianism and a "new" New Deal, can overcome the core contradiction of the system: the daily exploitation and degradation of the majority of the world’s people by a tiny minority of business owners.
A Question of Torture
A Question of Torture - CIA Interrogation, from the Cold War to the War on Terror
Author: Alfred McCoy
April 2007
To Cook a Continent
To Cook a Continent - Destructive Extraction and Climate Crisis in Africa
Author: Nnimmo Bassey
February 2012
A startling exposé of the CIA's development and spread of psychological torture, from the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and beyond In this revelatory account of the CIA's secret, fifty-year effort to develop new forms of torture, historian Alfred W. McCoy uncovers the deep, disturbing roots of recent scandals at Abu Ghraib and Guantánamo. Far from aberrations, as the White House has claimed, A Question of Torture shows that these abuses are the product of a long-standing covert program of interrogation. Arguing that the climate crisis confronting the world today is rooted mainly in the wealthy economies’ abuse of fossil fuels, indigenous forests, and global commercial agriculture, this important book investigates how Africa has been exploited and how Africans should respond for the good of all. As it examines the oil industry in Africa and probes the causes of global warming, this record warns of its insidious impacts and explores false solutions. Demonstrating that the issues around natural resource exploitation, corporate profiteering, and climate change must be considered together if the planet is to be saved, the book suggests how Africa can overcome the crises of environment and global warming.
Who Rules the World?
Who Rules the World?
Author: Noam Chomsky
May 2016
Visions of Freedom
Visions of Freedom - Havana, Washington, Pretoria, and the Struggle for Southern Africa, 1976-1991
Author: Piero Gleijeses
November 2013
The world’s leading intellectual offers a probing examination of the waning American Century, the nature of U.S. policies post-9/11, and the perils of valuing power above democracy and human rights. In an incisive, thorough analysis of the current international situation, Noam Chomsky argues that the United States, through its military-first policies and its unstinting devotion to maintaining a world-spanning empire, is both risking catastrophe and wrecking the global commons. Beyond lay the great prize: South Africa. Piero Gleijeses uses archival sources, particularly from the United States, South Africa, and the closed Cuban archives, to provide an unprecedented international history of this important theater of the late Cold War. These sources all point to one conclusion: by humiliating the United States and defying the Soviet Union, Fidel Castro changed the course of history in southern Africa. It was Cuba's victory in Angola in 1988 that forced Pretoria to set Namibia free and helped break the back of apartheid South Africa. In the words of Nelson Mandela, the Cubans "destroyed the myth of the invincibility of the white oppressor . . . [and] inspired the fighting masses of South Africa."
Ours to Master and to Own
Ours to Master and to Own - Workers' Control from the Commune to the Present
Authors: Dario Azzellini; Immanuel Ness
June 2011
Violent Politics
Violent Politics - A History of Insurgency, Terrorism, and Guerrilla War, from the American Revolution to Iraq
Author: William R. Polk
October 2009
From the dawning of the industrial epoch, wage earners have organized themselves into unions, fought bitter strikes, and gone so far as to challenge the very premises of the system by creating institutions of democratic self-management aimed at controlling production without bosses. With specific examples drawn from every corner of the globe and every period of modern history, this pathbreaking volume comprehensively traces this often underappreciated historical tradition. In the current Middle East, insurgency tactics are used with frequency and increasing success. But guerrilla war-fare is not just the tool of modern-day terrorists. Its roots stretch back to our very own revolution. In Violent Politics, William Polk takes us on a concise, brilliant tour of insurgencies throughout history, starting with the American struggle for independence, when fighters had to battle against both the British and the loyalists, those colonists who sided with the monarchy. Instinctively, in a way they probably wouldn't have described as a coherent strategy, the rebel groups employed the tactics of insurgency.
Someplace Like America
Authors: Dale Maharidge, Bruce Springsteen, Michael S. Williamson
May 2011
Looting Africa
Looting Africa - The Economics of Exploitation
Author: Patrick Bond
February 2008
In Someplace Like America, writer Dale Maharidge and photographer Michael S. Williamson take us to the working-class heart of America, bringing to life—through shoe leather reporting, memoir, vivid stories, stunning photographs, and thoughtful analysis—the deepening crises of poverty and homelessness. Despite the rhetoric, the people of Sub-Saharan Africa are become poorer. From Tony Blair's Africa Commission and the Make Poverty History campaign to the Hong Kong WTO meeting, Africa's gains have been mainly limited to public relations. The central problems remain exploitative debt and financial relationships with the North, phantom aid, unfair trade, distorted investment and the continent's brain/skills drain. Moreover, capitalism in most African countries has witnessed the emergence of excessively powerful ruling elites with incomes derived from financial-parasitical accumulation. Without overstressing the 'mistakes' of such elites, this book contextualises Africa's wealth outflow within a stagnant but volatile world economy.
Witness to the Revolution
Witness to the Revolution
Authors: Clara Bingham
May 2016
Command and Control
Command and Control
Author: Eric Schlosser
September 2013
As the 1960s drew to a close, the United States was coming apart at the seams. From August 1969 to August 1970, the nation witnessed nine thousand protests and eighty-four acts of arson or bombings at schools across the country. It was the year of the My Lai massacre investigation, the Cambodia invasion, Woodstock, and the Moratorium to End the War. The American death toll in Vietnam was approaching fifty thousand, and the ascendant counterculture was challenging nearly every aspect of American society. Witness to the Revolution, Clara Bingham's unique oral history of that tumultuous time, unveils anew that moment when America careened to the brink of a civil war at home, as it fought a long, futile war abroad. Woven together from one hundred original interviews, Witness to the Revolution provides a firsthand narrative of that period of upheaval in the words of those closest to the action-the activists, organizers, radicals, and resisters who manned the barricades of what Students for a Democratic Society leader Tom Hayden called "the Great Refusal." **The documentary Command and Control, directed by Robert Kenner, finds its origins in Eric Schlosser's book and continues to explore the little-known history of the management and safety concerns of America's nuclear aresenal.** The documentary will air on PBS's American Experience on January 10th. A myth-shattering expose of America's nuclear weapons. Famed investigative journalist Eric Schlosser digs deep to uncover secrets about the management of America's nuclear arsenal. A groundbreaking account of accidents, near misses, extraordinary heroism, and technological breakthroughs, Command and Control explores the dilemma that has existed since the dawn of the nuclear age: How do you deploy weapons of mass destruction without being destroyed by them? That question has never been resolved-and Schlosser reveals how the combination of human fallibility and technological complexity still poses a grave risk to mankind. While the harms of global warming increasingly dominate the news, the equally dangerous yet more immediate threat of nuclear weapons has been largely forgotten.
Authors: George Orwell
October 1983
Fahrenheit 451
Fahrenheit 451
Author: Ray Bradbury
November 2011
In 1984, London is a grim city where Big Brother is always watching you and the Thought Police can practically read your mind. Winston is a man in grave danger for the simple reason that his memory still functions. Drawn into a forbidden love affair, Winston finds the courage to join a secret revolutionary organization called The Brotherhood, dedicated to the destruction of the Party. Together with his beloved Julia, he hazards his life in a deadly match against the powers that be. Guy Montag is a fireman. In his world, where television rules and literature is on the brink of extinction, firemen start fires rather than put them out. His job is to destroy the most illegal of commodities, the printed book, along with the houses in which they are hidden. Montag never questions the destruction and ruin his actions produce, returning each day to his bland life and wife, Mildred, who spends all day with her television "family." But then he meets an eccentric young neighbor, Clarisse, who introduces him to a past where people didn't live in fear and to a present where one sees the world through the ideas in books instead of the mindless chatter of television. When Mildred attempts suicide and Clarisse suddenly disappears, Montag begins to question everything he has ever known. He starts hiding books in his home, and when his pilfering is discovered, the fireman has to run for his life.
Middletown - A Study in Modern American Culture
Author: Robert S.Lynd, Helen Merrell Lynd
December 1928
October: The Story of the Russian Revolution
October: The Story of the Russian Revolution
Author: China Mieville
The first of two classic studies that examined the daily life of a typical small american city--in actuality, Muncie, Indiana - in the mid-1920s, using the approach of social anthropology. Of enduring interest to students of sociology, these works inspired an acclaimed six-part television series. On the centenary of the Russian Revolution, China Mieville tells the extraordinary story of this pivotal moment in history. In February of 1917 Russia was a backwards, autocratic monarchy, mired in an unpopular war; by October, after not one but two revolutions, it had become the world's first workers' state, straining to be at the vanguard of global revolution. How did this transformation take place? In a panoramic sweep, stretching from St Petersburg and Moscow to the remotest villages of a sprawling empire, Mieville uncovers the catastrophes, intrigues and inspirations of 1917, in all their passion, drama and strangeness. Intervening in long-standing historical debates, but told with the reader new to the topic especially in mind, here is a breathtaking story of humanity at its greatest and most desperate; of a turning point for civilisation that still resonates loudly today.